Science Fiction

Science Fiction
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Science fiction is a specific type of fiction that focuses on the impact of imagined changes in science or technology, on society or individuals. It is a genre that explores the possibilities of the future and its positive and negative consequences.

Jules Verne and H.G. Wells are widely regarded as pioneers of science fiction. Verne’s novels, such as Twenty Thousand Leagues Under the Sea and Journey to the Center of the Earth, are known for their detailed descriptions of new technologies and their optimistic view of the future. Wells’ novels, such as The Time Machine and The War of the Worlds, are darker and more pessimistic, exploring the potential dangers of scientific progress.

Verne and Wells had different visions of science fiction. Verne’s novels were more focused on adventure and exploration, while Wells’ novels were more philosophical and thought-provoking. Verne’s novels are often set in exotic or remote locations, such as the ocean depths, the center of the Earth, or the Moon. Wells’ novels are typically set in more familiar settings, such as England or the United States.

Despite their contrasting styles, Verne and Wells are both considered to be among the founding fathers of science fiction. Their novels inspired generations of writers to explore the possibilities of the future and to think critically about the impact of science and technology on society.

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Comprehension Questions

  1. What is science fiction?
  2. Who wrote The Time Machine?
  3. Whose stories are more likely to take place on Earth?
  4. Whose stories are more likely to make people think about social problems?
  5. Do you have a favorite science fiction book or movie?

Some Short stories

  • Jules Verne: "The Blockade Runners," "Master Zacharius," "Dr. Ox's Experiment"
  • H.G. Wells: "The Stolen Bacillus," "The Crystal Egg," "In the Abyss"

Some Longer stories

  • Jules Verne: Twenty Thousand Leagues Under the Sea, Journey to the Center of the Earth, Around the World in Eighty Days, The Mysterious Island, From the Earth to the Moon
  • H.G. Wells: The Time Machine, The War of the Worlds, The Invisible Man, The Island of Dr. Moreau, The First Men in the Moon

You can read or download free versions of their stories here:

Books by Verne, Jules (sorted by popularity)
Project Gutenberg offers 71,724 free eBooks for Kindle, iPad, Nook, Android, and iPhone.
Books by Wells, H. G. (Herbert George) (sorted by popularity)
Project Gutenberg offers 71,724 free eBooks for Kindle, iPad, Nook, Android, and iPhone.

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